The most basic AI systems are solely reactive, with no capacity to build memories or utilize previous experiences to guide present actions. Deep Blue, IBM’s chess-playing supercomputer, is the best example of this sort of system, having defeated international grandmaster Garry Kasparov in the late 1990s. Deep Blue can recognize all of the pieces on a chess board and understand how they move. It is capable of foreseeing what movements it and its opponent will make next. It can also determine the best course of action from a variety of options.
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